By W. Taylor Fain (auth.)
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Extra resources for American Ascendance and British Retreat in the Persian Gulf Region
During the early Cold War, despite their shared framework of analysis, they were forced to make tough choices about regional defense priorities and often disagreed about the relative importance of Gulf petroleum and Middle Eastern military facilities. Differences over regional policy underscore the ways British and American priorities in the Middle East and Persian Gulf diverged in the years after the Second World War. British officials sought to protect investments in the region, to secure their own and Europe’s supply of oil, and to preserve imperial and commonwealth cohesion.
84 Throughout the Middle East, the rumblings of revolutionary nationalism and Pan-Arabism were beginning to stir the political ferment in the 1940s. British officials were among the first to take note and the first to appreciate the 36 AMERICAN ASCENDANCE AND BRITISH RETREAT need to treat the phenomena seriously. 85 Through the years, the Foreign Office often reiterated the need to accommodate Middle Eastern nationalism in order to channel it in safe directions. The United States had yet to consider nationalism systematically or to assess its ramifications for American diplomacy in the Middle East.
Conversely, denial of these sources to the USSR would force her to fight an oil-starved war. . S. Navy planners and Navy Secretary James Forrestal recognized its value in the postwar world. S. S. men-of-war in the Mediterranean, the Indian Ocean, and the western Pacific. S. 56 Forrestal carried the navy’s concern for Persian Gulf oil with him when he became Secretary of Defense in September 1947. S. Navy, American contingency plans for the defense of the Middle East in the late 1940s did not place a particularly high priority on safeguarding the oil “TOLL-GATES OF EMPIRE” 29 fields of the Persian Gulf.
American Ascendance and British Retreat in the Persian Gulf Region by W. Taylor Fain (auth.)