By Deborah Potts, Deborah Fahy Bryceson
Are Africa's so much populous and economically dominant towns a strength to reckon with within the twenty-first century? This booklet analyzes the economies of East and Southern Africa's 'apex' towns, probing how they've got altered structurally through the years and their present resources of monetary energy and vulnerability at neighborhood, nationwide and overseas degrees. Case research chapters targeting Johannesburg, Chitungwiza, Gaborone, Maputo, Dar es Salaam, Mombasa, Nairobi, Kampala and Mogadishu shed new mild on modern African city customers and difficulties.
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1. We are omitting the islands of Madagascar, Mauritius and Comores because they are not part of the same contiguous land mass and have historically distinct ethnic populations and cultural influences that would complicate the analysis. 2. Satterthwaite (2003) points to the profusion of relatively new large cities in Sub-Saharan Africa, but a preponderance of the developing world’s largest cities are in Asia. Urban growth rates are currently especially high in cities attracting international investment, notably in China and Southeast Asia.
World Bank (2000) Entering the 21st Century: World Development Report 1999/2000, Oxford, Oxford University Press. org/WDI. 2 African Urban Economies: Searching for Sources of Sustainability Deborah Fahy Bryceson Attempts at identifying the foundations of urban economic activity over the last quarter of a century of economic decline in Sub-Saharan African could be likened to early explorers’ efforts to trace the source of the Nile. The voluminous flow of one of the world’s major rivers through hundreds of kilometres of desert sands was perplexing and begged the question of its locational source.
In Uganda, Kampala barely grew in size during the protracted years of Amin’s bloody reign of power in the 1970s (Chapter 6). So too, Maputo’s rate of growth declined during Mozambique’s liberation war in the early 1970s in part due to the exodus of Portuguese expatriates fleeing the political insecurity and slowdown in economic investment (Chapter 4). By contrast, in Zimbabwe’s liberation war during the 1970s, rural people’s insecurity and loss of livelihood led them to flock to Harare, overwhelming the influx controls that the government had erected (Chapter 11).
African Urban Economies: Viability, Vitality or Vitiation? by Deborah Potts, Deborah Fahy Bryceson