By Liesbeth Zegveld
Armed competition teams normally struggle governments, looking overthrow and/or secession. yet who's in charge lower than overseas legislations for the acts devoted through those teams, or for the failure to avoid those acts? Zegveld examines the necessity legally to spot the events concerned while armed inner clash arises, and the truth in their call for for rights. even though at the moment so much armed conflicts are inner, they continue to be mostly uncharted territory in legislations. This award-winning learn might be of curiosity to lecturers, postgraduate scholars and execs concerned with armed clash and diplomacy.
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Additional resources for Accountability of armed opposition groups in international law
8, at 78, para. 20, n. 11 (noting that the ELN [Army of National Liberation] had speciﬁcally declared that it considered itself to be bound by the 1949 Geneva Conventions and Protocol II). legal restraints on armed opposition groups as such 17 between the Salvadorian Government and FMLN, in which FMLN agreed to comply with Common Article 3 and Protocol II. ONUSAL thus preferred the Agreement to the Geneva Conventions and Protocol II, which were also binding upon FMLN. In the next section (Other rules of humanitarian law), I shall deal with special agreements concluded by armed opposition groups.
4/1998/87, para. 4/1994/31, para. 13 (Report of the Special Rapporteur on Question of Torture, N. S. Rodley, 6 January 1994) (asking whether, in determining whether an armed conﬂict exists and what entities may be appropriately considered as parties to the conﬂict, he should be guided by the view of the Government of the member state concerned) (hereafter, 1994 Report of the Special Rapporteur on Torture). legal restraints on armed opposition groups as such 13 The freedom of states is, however, limited when courts and tribunals exist that are competent to interpret the law.
1991), p. 138 (hereafter, Constraints); T. Meron, Human Rights in Internal Strife: their International Protection (Grotius Publications Limited, Cambridge, 1987) p. 43–4 (hereafter, Internal Strife). P. Weil, ‘Le droit international en quˆete de son identit´e’ (1992) 237–VI Recueil des Cours at 222. F. Kalshoven, ‘Reafﬁrmation and Development of International Humanitarian Law Applicable in Armed Conﬂicts: the Diplomatic Conference Geneva 1974–1977’ (1997) 8 NYIL 107, at 112 (hereafter, ‘Reafﬁrmation’).
Accountability of armed opposition groups in international law by Liesbeth Zegveld