By Alan Farmer
The fourth variation of this bestselling identify charts the process British overseas coverage from the tip of the 1st international conflict and the Treaty of Versailles, to the social and monetary results of the second one global battle. there's a specific concentration and research of the problem of appeasement in the course of the interval, in particular within the run-up to the second one global conflict. Public opinion and the position of key members is explored all through and the narrative concludes with an interpretation of the reasons of and purposes for British overseas rules around the period.
Throughout the ebook, key dates, phrases and concerns are highlighted, and old interpretations of key debates are defined. precis diagrams are integrated to consolidate wisdom and realizing of the interval, and exam-style questions and counsel written via examiners give you the chance to increase examination skills.
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Additional info for Access to History. British Foreign Affairs: Saving Europe at a cost? 1919-1960
Key question How important was the Locarno Pact? Locarno Conference: 1925 Germany joined the League of Nations: 1926 Key dates The Ruhr occupation convinced French leaders that in future they should not attempt to enforce the Treaty of Versailles singlehandedly. Worried by Germany’s growing strength, they looked to Britain for guarantees of security. However, both Labour and Conservative governments were opposed to binding Britain to France and were opposed to French efforts to strengthen the coercive powers of the League of Nations.
Imperial preference The Depression encouraged all countries to think primarily of themselves. In order to protect its industries, Britain abandoned free trade and turned to imperial preference. The Import Duties Act in February 1932 imposed a 10 per cent tax on most imported goods, except those from the British Empire. The Ottawa Conference in July 1932 led to Britain and the Dominions agreeing to establish an imperial economic bloc, protecting their trade by a system of quotas and import duties.
The Turkish settlement Britain played a major role in deciding the fate of the Ottoman Empire. The Treaty of Sèvres satisﬁed most of Britain’s concerns: • The Straits were to be demilitarised and placed under international supervision. • Large parts of the Arab areas of the Ottoman Empire were given (as mandates) to Britain and France. France acquired what is today Syria and Lebanon. Britain acquired present-day Israel, Jordan and Iraq. • Eastern Thrace, the Gallipoli peninsula, Smyrna and several Aegean islands were given to Greece.
Access to History. British Foreign Affairs: Saving Europe at a cost? 1919-1960 by Alan Farmer