By Engineering, and Medicine National Academies of Sciences, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Polar Research Board, Committee on the Development of a Strategic Vision for the U.S. Antarctic Program

ISBN-10: 0309373670

ISBN-13: 9780309373678

Antarctic and Southern Ocean medical study has produced a wide range of vital and fascinating clinical advances. Spanning oceanography to tectonics, microbiology to astrophysics, the extraordinary Antarctic surroundings presents distinctive possibilities to extend our wisdom approximately how our planet works or even the very origins of the universe. learn at the Southern Ocean and the Antarctic ice sheets is changing into more and more pressing not just for knowing the way forward for the sector but additionally its interconnections with and affects on many different components of the globe.

The U.S. nationwide technology origin (NSF) presents U.S. researchers with extensive entry to the continent and its surrounding ocean. A Strategic imaginative and prescient for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research identifies priorities and strategic steps ahead for Antarctic learn and observations for the following decade. This survey provides a decadal imaginative and prescient for strategic investments in compelling study and the infrastructure most crucial for assisting this examine. This record makes thoughts for high-priority, larger-scale, community-driven learn projects that handle questions poised for major increase with the following a long time. This file additionally outlines a roadmap in which the imaginative and prescient and those priorities may be met.

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Additional resources for A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research

Sample text

Cosmic microwave background studies and the IceCube Neutrino Observatory at the South Pole are key experiments in multiagency, multinational efforts to understand the fundamental workings of time and space, and the origin and evolution of the universe. These experiments complement work being done around the world, in high-energy physics collider experiments, dark matter searches, large surveys of the sky across the electromagnetic and particle spectra using ground-based, balloon-based, and satellite platforms.

International collaboration will continue to be critical for making new advances, and sharing expenses across multiple national funding entities increases the probability of implementing large programs. Specific needs and opportunities for expanding international cooperation are discussed further in the following chapters. S. Antarctic Program. It ­includes three major components: • A broad-based program that supports curiosity-based research driven by proposals from Principal Investigators (PIs) across all major areas of Antarctic and Southern Ocean science—currently organized under six main PLR Antarctic science programs.

S. federal agencies is likewise critical for advancing ­Antarctic and Southern Ocean research, given the costs and challenges of gaining logistical access to the region, and NSF’s essential role in facilitating this access. S. federal agencies that play important roles in the USAP. Some examples include: • NASA’s Operation IceBridge utilizes research aircraft equipped with monitoring instruments to characterize annual changes in thickness of sea ice, glaciers, and ice sheets. IceBridge fills a gap in polar observing needs until launch of the ICESat-2 satellite.

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A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research by Engineering, and Medicine National Academies of Sciences, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Polar Research Board, Committee on the Development of a Strategic Vision for the U.S. Antarctic Program


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