By John Losee

ISBN-10: 0198700555

ISBN-13: 9780198700555

Designed for first-time readers of the topic, this stimulating creation bargains a old exposition of differing perspectives at the philosophy of technological know-how. With concise profiles offering the main philosophers whose contributions are mentioned during this publication, Losee explores the long-argued questions raised by way of philosophers and scientists concerning the right overview of technology.

This new version accommodates modern advancements within the self-discipline, together with contemporary paintings on theory-appraisal, experimental perform, the talk over clinical realism, and the philosophy of biology. Taking a balanced and informative method, this paintings is the precise introductory quantity.

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The radius vector from the sun to a planet sweeps over equal areas in equal times. () The ratio of the squares of the periods of any two planets is directly proportional to the ratio of the cubes of their mean distances from the sun. Kepler’s discovery of the Third Law is a striking application of Pythagorean principles. He was convinced that there must be a mathematical correlation between planetary distances and orbital velocities. He discovered the Third Law only after having tried a number of possible algebraic relations.

Primary qualities are qualities essential to the very concept of body. 1 By restricting the subject-matter of physics to primary qualities and their relations, Galileo excluded teleological explanations from the range of permissible discourse of physics. According to Galileo, it is not a bona fide scientific explanation to state that a motion takes place in order that some future state may be realized. In particular, he urged that Aristotelian interpretations in terms of “natural motions” towards “natural places” do not qualify as scientific explanations.

Aristotle had been content to deduce statements about the same phenomena which serve as the starting-points of an investigation. Grosseteste and Bacon demanded further experimental testing of the principles reached by induction. At the beginning of the fourteenth century, Theodoric of Freiberg made a striking application of Bacon’s first prerogative. Theodoric believed that the rainbow is caused by a combination of refraction and reflection of sunlight by individual raindrops. In order to test this hypothesis, he filled hollow crystalline spheres with water, and placed them in the path of the sun’s rays.

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A Historical Introduction to the Philosophy of Science by John Losee

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