By John Bryan Holds MD
Information the anatomy of the orbit and adnexa, and emphasizes a pragmatic method of the assessment and administration of orbital and eyelid issues, together with malpositions and involutional alterations. Updates present details on congenital, inflammatory, infectious, neoplastic and stressful stipulations of the orbit and accent buildings. Covers key features of orbital, eyelid and facial surgical procedure. contains a variety of new colour photos. significant revision 2011-2012.
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Extra info for 2011-2012 Basic and Clinical Science Course, Section 7: Orbit, Eyelids, and Lacrimal System (Basic & Clinical Science Course)
Dutton JJ. Radiology of the Orbit and Visual Pathways. Ph iladelphia : Saunde rs Elsevier; 2010 . Wirtschafter JD, Berman El, McDona ld CS. Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Computed Tomography. Ophthalmology Monograph 6. San Francisco: American Academy of Ophthalmology; 1992. Ultrasonography Orbital ultrasonography may be used to examine patients wi th orbital disorders. l tissues can be determined by means of con temporary ultrasound techniques. Two-dimensional images of these tissues can be obtained with B-scan ult rasonograp hy.
Shields JA, Kaden IH , Eagle RC Jr, Shields CL. Orbital dermoid cysts: clinicopathologic correlations, classification, and management . Ophtha! lrg. 1997;13(4 ):265 - 276. Dermolipomas Dermo lipo mas are solid tU lllo rs usuall y located beneath the conjun ctiva over the globe's lateral surface (Fig 3-4) . These benign lesio ns m ay have deep extensions that can extend to the levato r an d extraocular muscles. Superfi ciall y, de rmolipomas may have fine hairs th at can be irri tating to patien ts.
J CHAPTER 4: Orbital Inflammatory and Infectious Disorders. 43 fractures suggest ongoing sinusitis. The risk of orbital cellulitis is increased if the medial wa ll is fractu red. Abscess formation may be suggested by progressive proptosis, globe displacement, or failure to show clinical improvement on a daily basis despite appropriate antibiotic therapy. Abscesses usually localize in th e subperiosteal space (Fig 4-2), adjacent to th e infected sinus, but may extend through the periosteum into the orbital soft tissues.
2011-2012 Basic and Clinical Science Course, Section 7: Orbit, Eyelids, and Lacrimal System (Basic & Clinical Science Course) by John Bryan Holds MD